The City of Shadows
London is the de facto capital of England and Great Britain. It is an influential city and its history goes back to its founding by the Romans. The city’s core, the ancient City of London, still retains its limited medieval boundaries. However, since turn of this century, the name “London” has also referred to the whole metropolis that has developed around it.
London is one of the world’s foremost global cities alongside New York City and one of the largest financial centres alongside New York City and Tokyo. The city’s influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, the arts and culture in general contributes to its global position.
The etymology of London remains a mystery. The earliest etymological explanation can be attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae. The name is described as originating from King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud. This would have had a derivational form Kaerludein, which, by aphaeresis, eventually developed as London. Many other theories have been advanced over the centuries, most of them deriving the name from Welsh or British. It is also believed the name “London” comes from the celtic word “Lyndon,” which means “shadowy waters,” referring to the Thames River.